Vocabulary for Group 2 Exercises

Word Audio Part of Speech Translation/Definition Examples Other
silva, silvae

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Noun, 1st fem. forest, woods
fortūna, -ae  

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Noun, 1st f. luck, fortune, chance rotam fortūnae nōn timent. (Cicero)
via, viae   

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Noun, 1st f. road, way, street image via trīta, via tuta (proverb) In current use: via
littera, -ae   

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Noun, 1st f. letter (of alphabet) pl.: literary document; literature; letters Hanc [epistolam] Graecīs conscriptam litterīs mittit (Caes. BG V.48.4)
cōpia, -ae   

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Noun, 1st f. supply, abundance pl.: (military) troops; forces; resources
puella, -ae   

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Noun, 1st f. girl
unda, -ae   

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Noun, 1st f. (ocean) wave
causa, -ae   

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Noun, 1st f. cause, reason; court case [hos; quos . . . sine causa timuissent, (Caes. B.G. I.40) causam postulandi iustam (Caes. B.G. I.43) “preposition” + genitive, Group 6
+ gen. Group 6
mors, mortis   

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Noun, 3rd -i stem fem. death In current use: post mortem
nox, noctis   

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Noun, 3rd -i stem fem. night
pars, partis   

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Noun, 3rd -i stem fem. part
vōx, vōcis   

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Noun, 3rd fem. voice, utterance In current use: s.v. (sub voce); vōx populī vōx deī
urbs, urbis   

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Noun, 3rd -i stem fem. city
laus, laudis   

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Noun, 3rd f. praise In current use: cum laude
lēx, lēgis   

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Noun, 3rd f. law
nāvis, nāvis   

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Noun, 3rd -i stem f. ship
morior, morī, mortuus sum

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Verb, 3rd deponent die Ave, Imperator, moritūrī tē salūtant! (From wall at Pompeii)(ave: hail, greetings)
faciō, facere,fēcī, factus

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Verb, 3rd -io do; make; make (someone) (something) philosophum nōn facit barba. (Plutarch)flōs ūnus nōn facit hortum. (anon.) In current use: facta non verba
fugiō, fugere, fūgī, fugitūrus   

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Verb, 3rd -io flee Cf. effugiō; In current use: tempus fugit
adsum, adesse, adfuī, adfutūrus   

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Irregular Verb be present , be (t)here; be near (+ dative “for someone”) omnes qui aderant (Caes. BG 1.32) dum adsumus (Cic. Att. 10.16 si ille adesset (Caes. BG 5.29) dies adest (Cic. Att. 13.12) Prefix
volō, velle, voluī, volitūrus   

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Irregular Verb want, be willing
accipiō, -ere, -cēpī, -ceptus   

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Verb, 3rd -io. receive; take (especially something offered); accept
veniō, -īre, vēnī, ventūrus   

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Verb, 4th come
teneō, -ēre, -uī   

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Verb, 2nd. hold; keep cum summus mons a [Lucio] Labieno teneretur (Caes. BG I.22.1) qui tabulas tenet (Cic. Verr.2.2.108) civium iura tenuerunt (Cic. Cat. 1.11) memoriā tenebat (Caes. BG I.7) neque interdum lacrimas tenere poterant. (Caes. BG I.33) Derivatives: tenacious; tenant; -tain. Synonyms
moveō, -ēre, mōvī, mōtus   

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Verb, 2nd. move _____ Note: transitive
dēbeō, -ēre, -uī, -itus   

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Verb, 2nd. (+ infinitive) ought; (passive; + DO) owe Synonyms
prīmus, -a, -um   

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1st/2nd Adj. first In current use: prīma faciē; primus inter pares
secundus, -a, -um   

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1st/2nd Adj. second; favorable (as in a wind that is “second” behind you)
longus, -a, -um   

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1st/2nd Adj. long
melior, melius   

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3rd Adj. better; rather good Melior est puer pauper et sapiens [abl. of comparison] rege sene et stulto, . . . (Biblia Vulgata Eccles. 4:13) Melius est nomen bonum quam unguenta pretiosa, (Biblia Vulgata Eccles. 7:2)
(Medea fighting new passion) aliudque cupido, mens aliud suadet; video meliora proboque;deteriora [worse, inferior, lower] sequor . (Ovid Met. VII.19-21)
optimus, -a, -um   

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1st/2nd Adj. best; very good
facilis, -e    

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3rd Adj. easy
Note: adverb: facile easily facile . . . Nerviīs persuadet [he persuades]. (Caes. BG V.38.4)
omnis, -e   

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3rd Adj. pl: all sing: every; each In current use: exeunt omnes (plays)
omnēs: everyone
omnia: everything
gravis, -e   

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3rd Adj. heavy; serious; weighty C.S. Lewis Studies in Words (chapter 3) Synonyms
prior, prius   

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3rd Adj. previous; prior; former
sōlus, -a, -um   

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Adjective “Pronoun” declension ____alone; only _____ S[oli] D[eo] G[loria] (J.S. Bach at the end of his St. Matthew Passion and many other works) In current use: soli (music)
alius, alia, aliud   

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“Pronoun” Declension Adjective sing.: another __ ; (negative) other ___ pl.: other _____s Note: if the cases are different, they are translated twice, using “one/some . . . one/some, another/others . . . another/others; In current use: inter alia; alias; et al. (et alii)
alii . . . alii (repeated in any cases) some . . . others alia aliīs placent. (anon.) Aliud est enim epistulam, aliud historiam; aliud amīcō, aliud omnibus scrībere. (Pliny Ep. 6.16.22) (cf. also melior, above)
tu, tuī, tibi, tē; vōs, vestrum, vōbīs tēcum vōbīscum   

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Pronoun.(personal) tu /vōs: you (subject) tui/ vestrum: of you tibi /vōbīs: (dative) you tē/vōs: (acc./abl.) you (object) [vestrī: objective genitive, see **]; In current use: Dominus tecum (church)
tēcum/ vōbīscum: with you
id   

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Pronoun/ Demonstrative Adj. Neuter, Nominative/Accusative sing. (pronoun) it; this thing In current use: id (psychology); i.e.[id est]
(adj.) this ___
Quid   

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Pronoun (Interrogative) Neuter, Nominative/Accusative sing. What? Image
hoc   

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Pronoun/ Demonstrative Adj. Neuter, Nominative/Accusative. (adj.) this ____ In current use: ad hoc; post hoc ergo propter hoc
(pronoun) this thing
haec   

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Pronoun/ Demonstrative Adj. Fem. Nom. Sing., Neuter Nom./Acc. Plural (Pronoun): these things; this (fem.) (thing); she
(Adj.): these ____s; this ____ (fem.)
quī, quae, quod   

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Relative Pronoun (person) who; (thing) which; (defining relative: the ___) that For interrogative adj: Group **
ea   

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Pronoun/ Demonstrative Adj. Fem. Nom. Sing., Neuter Nom./Acc. Plural (pronoun) these things; this (fem)(thing); she; this one
(adj.) these (things); this ____ (fem.)
meī   

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Pronoun, Partitive/Objective Genitive, Sing. of me; (objective): for me multaque pars mei vitabit Libitinam [i.e. death] (Hor. C.3.30.6-7)
ubi    

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Interrogative Adverb Where? (always in direct questions) [Daedalus] “Icare,” dixit, “Ubi es?” (Ov. Met. 8.232) Ubi inveniam Pamphilum? (Ter. And. 2.2.1)
Relative Adverb (place) where; omnēs, quī tum eōs agrōs, ubi hodiē est haec urbs, incolēbant . . . (Cic. Rep. 2.2.4) ergo, ubi tyrannus est, ibi . . . (Cic. Rep. 3.31.43)
(time) when ubi ea dies quam constituerat cum legatīs venit, . . .(Caes. BG 1.8)
iam   

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Adv. now, already At pater infelix [“Daedalus] nec iam pater, “Icare,” dixit (Ov. Met. 8.231) Synonyms
tamen   

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(Conjunctive) Adv. nevertheless; still, yet postpositive
in    

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preposition + abl. (+ abl.) in, on In current use: in medias res
preposition + acc. (+ acc.) into; onto
ē / ex   

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preposition + abl. out of; (from) For ē vs. ex see Alternate Forms. For prefix
  

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preposition + abl. about; concerning; of; periculīs (Caes. B.G. V.45.5) In current use: dē novō; DC al fine (de capite al fine Italian < Latin “de capite ad finem”) (music)
(down) from ( a place): (partitive) from; of (a group)
aut   

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coordinating conjunction or Synonyms (exclusive; objective); In current use: navia aut capita (Roman game); par aut impar (Roman game)
aut . . . aut: either . . . or
vel   

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coordinating conjunction or Synonyms (more options possible; or subjective)
-ve   

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coordinating conjunction ____ve = or _____ -enclitic (attaches to the end of another word, but translated before the word)