Building Vocabulary through Word Formation:
Prefix ad-

Prefix: ad-

Read through the following definitions of English derivatives of Latin words and fill in the blanks with the appropriate translations of the Latin. Practicing analyzing derivatives in this way will help you practice translating Latin compound verbs and will also help you use your English in anaylzing and translating unknown Latin compound verbs. Again, after you have come up with your answer, you may check by holding the cursor over the maroon words. Think about the order that you translate the parts in.

1. Advert-izers try to (vertere) _______ your attention (ad-) _____ their product.

2. An accident is something that (cadit) ______ (ad-) _____ you or someone.

What happens when there is no motion involved in the root? (Hint: What does the preposition ad indicate in Latin with the proper name of a city or town, e.g. a battle "ad Cannas?")

3. Things that are adjacent (iacent) ______ (ad-) _____ each other.

4. If you admire something, you (miraris) _____ (ad-) _____ it.

Can you give the meaning of the following Latin verbs?
Primā lūce hostium equitātus ad castra accēdit, (Caes. BG V.50)
advolō: [The Nervii and those they had gathered] de improviso [unexpectedly] ad Ciceronis hiberna advolant. (Caes. BG V.39.1)
adveniō (see also synonyms)
propterea pace adveniō, et pacem ad vos afferō (Plaut.Amph. prologue)

What about the following? (Compare #3-4 above)
adsum: (Group 2)
iam ego hīc aderō (Plaut. Aul 2.3, line 274)(Note: hīc)
Ipse dux hostium Camulogenus suis aderat atque eos cohortabatur. (Caes. BG VII.62.5)
[Iris] devolat et supra caput [of Dido] astitit. (Verg. Aen. 4.702)
cum Alexander . . . ad Achillis tumulum astitisset (Cic. Arch. 10.24)

Do you think these would have a positive or negative connotation?
What case may be associated with these? (General Prefix #5)

Now, what happens when a direct object is added? What case is the other noun in? What order do you translate them in? (General Prefix #5)

addo: (Note: this is the do "put;" see General Prefix #11)
Argus, quem quondam Ioni [dative of Io] Iuno custodem [as a guard] addidit. (Plaut. . (Plaut.Aul. 3.6.20)
(let the youths watch the fire) nec quisquam flammae sedulus addat aquam. (Tib. 2.4.42)