Vocabulary for Group 6 Exercises

Word Audio Part of Speech Translation/Definition Examples Other
arma, -ōrum

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Noun 2nd nt. arms, weapons (especially defensive) Silent . . . lēgēs inter arma. (Cicero)
ōs, ōris

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Noun 3rd nt. mouth Synonym (vultus)
iter, itineris

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Noun 3rd nt journey
caput, capitis

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Noun 3rd nt head navia aut capita (Roman game) In current use: DC al fine (de capite al fine Italian < Latin “de capite ad finem”) (music); per capita
mare, maris

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Noun 3rd –i stem nt. sea In current use: mare līberum; mare clausum; mare nostrum
mūnus, mūneris

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Noun 3rd nt gift, offering; duty, service Cereris sine mūnere [i.e. grain; bread] (Ov. Met. 10.74)
nihil (/nīl)

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Noun, indeclinable, nt. (+ genitive) nothing In current use: nihil ex nihilo fit
satis

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Noun (+ genitive), indeclinable, nt enough (of) ____; sufficient amount (of)
adverb sufficiently Quam [= Eurydicen] satis ad superās postquam Rhodopeius [= Orpheus] aurās deflēvit [had wept for] vates, . . . (Ov. Met. 10.11-12)dictum sapientī satis est. (Plautus)
tectum, -ī

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Noun 2nd nt. roof; (thing covered < tegō), shelter, house
nātus, -ī (nāta, -ae)

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Noun 2nd m. (1st fem.) (one born); son;
(daughter)
Substantive of participle of nascor
socius, -ī

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Noun 2nd m. ally
ventus, -ī

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Noun 2nd m. wind ventus
mīles, mīlitis

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Noun 3rd m. soldier
frāter, frātris

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Noun 3rd m. brother
fīnis, -is

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Noun 3rd –i stem m. end; limit
pl.: territory
In current use: DC al fine (de capite al fine Italian < Latin “de capite ad finem”) (music)
ignis, -is

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Noun 3rd –i stem m. fire
mōns, montis

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Noun 3rd –i stem m. mountain
eques, equitis

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Noun 3rd m. horseman; cavalry member
orbis, -is

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Noun 3rd –i stem m. circle, orbit, orb orbis terrārum
hostis, -is

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Noun 3rd –i stem c. (public) enemy Synonym
iuvenis, -is

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Noun 3rd c. youth, young person Age
parēns, parentis

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Noun 3rd c. parent; (one bearing/begetting)
coepī, coeptum

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Verb, 3rd -io, perfect only (I) began/have begun iter in ea loca facere coepit (Caes. BG IV.7.1)
nascor, nascī, nātus sum

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Verb, 3rd, deponent be born
sequor, sequī, secūtus sum

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Verb, 3rd, deponent follow Duōs quī sequitur leporēs neutrum capit. (Medieval) (lepus, leporis hare, rabbit)
loquor, loquī, locūtus sum

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Verb, 3rd, deponent speak; say In current use: rēs ipsa loquitur (law)
petō, -ere, petīvī, petītus

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Verb, 3rd seek; go after
gerō, -ere, gessī, gestus

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Verb, 3rd bear; wear, carry;
conduct (affairs/war)
dīligō, -ere, dīlēxī, dīlectus

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Verb, 3rd esteem, love Prefix
tegō, -ere, texī, tectus

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Verb, 3rd cover; cover over; protect
canō, -ere, cecinī, cantus

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Verb, 3rd sing; make music; sound
nātus, -a, -um

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1st/2nd Adjective born “, . . . nāte [vocative] deā, . . .” (Verg. Aen. 3.311; 374)
parvus, -a, -um

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1st/2nd Adjective small
ingēns, (ingentis)

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3rd Adjective huge, extraordinarily large (Orpheus to Pluto) “per [oath: by] Chaos hoc ingēns” (Ov. Met. 10.30) Synonyms
alter, altera, alterum

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Adjective, “pronoun” decl. alter . . . alter: the one . . . the other
tūtus, -a, -um

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1st/2nd Adjective safe
cunctus, -a, -um

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1st/2nd Adjective all (together), the whole <con-iunctus.
Synonyms
ūllus, -a, -um

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Adjective, “pronoun” decl. any
ille, illa, illud

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Demonstrative Pronoun “that one” (especially of a change in subject to someone/thing introduced in the previous sentence);
the former
Demonstrative Adjective that ____
(after the noun): the [famous] ______
pl.: those _____s
In current use: Dies ille, dies irae (Medieval hymn sequence)
eī, eae

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(nom. pl. masc., fem)Demonstrative Pronoun They; these ones/persons/men/women/(masc./fem) things eī: Dative singular
Pronouns
Demonstrative adjective these _____s
hī, hae

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(nom. pl. masc., fem.)Demonstrative Adjective They; these men, women
(the latter)
Pronouns
Demonstrative Pronoun these _____s
quī, quae

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Relative Pronoun
(quī: nom. sing./pl. m.
quae: nom./s./pl. fem./ nt. pl. nom./acc.)
(man/men) who;
(woman/women) who;
(masc./fem. thing) which
(nt. pl. things) which
As Interrogative adjective
quoque

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Adverb (noun) also; too, (in addition) “Vōs quoque iunxit Amor.” (Ov. Met. 10.29) Synonyms
vērō

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Adverb but; but (truly, indeed)
sīc

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Adverb thus, so, in such a way (usually modifying a verbal) sīc ait, ” . . .” (Ov. Met. 10.17) Synonyms
propter

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Preposition + accusative because of In current use: post hoc ergo propter hoc
apud

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Preposition + accusative among (+ pl.);
at the house of; with (person)
Synonyms
causā

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“Preposition” + preceding gen. for the sake of
gratiā

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“Preposition” + preceding gen. for the sake of In current use: e.g. (exemplī gratiā)
nam

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Coordinating Conjunction For (giving grounds for preceding)
enim

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Coordinating Conjunction For (giving grounds for preceding) postpositive
ut / (uti)

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Subordinating Conjunction (+subjunctive:) (indirect command): that someone do something
(purpose): so that, in order to
(result): that
(noun result): that
(fear): (that . . . not)
Translating “ut” clauses
For ut/uti, see Alternate Forms
+ indicative: as; (when)

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Subordinating Conjunction; (+ subjunctive) lest; that . . . not;
(purpose): so that . . . not
(fear): lest; that . . .
Negatives;
Translating “ut/ne” clauses
(main clause): let . . . not;