Vocabulary for Group 1 Exercises

Word Audio Part of Speech Translation/Definition Examples Other
terra, terrae

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Noun, 1st, fem. land, earth, ground;
(planet) earth
In current use: terra firma;
terra incognita
vīta, -ae

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Noun, 1st, f. life In current use: aqua vitae (British)


nātūra, -ae

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Noun, 1st, f. nature De naturā deorum (title of work by Cicero) C.S.Lewis Studies in Words (chapter 2)
aqua, aquae

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Noun, 1st, f. water In current use: ĉ aq. (cum aqua) (prescriptions); aqua fortis (science)
deus, deī  

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Noun, 2nd, m. god Declension: Nom. pl. often dī.
In current use: mater Deī; deus ex machinā (literature)
locus, -ī

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Noun, 2nd, m.* place *Gender: In the plural, when the places are connected to form a region, the gender is neuter: loca.
In current use: locus poenitentiae (law)
annus, -ī

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Noun, 2nd. m. year In current use: A.D. (Annō Dominī)
amīcus, -ī

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Noun, 2nd. m. friend In current use: amicus curiae (law)
fīlius, -ī

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Noun, 2nd. m. son
numerus, -ī

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Noun, 2nd. m. number
caelum, -ī,

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Noun, 2nd. nt. sky, heaven
verbum, -ī

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Noun, 2nd. nt. word; Iēiūnus venter nōn audit verba libenter (Medieval) In current use: facta non verba;
acta non verba (US Merchant Marines)
verb
bellum, -ī

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Noun, 2nd. nt. war In current use: ante bellum;
casus bellī
aurum, -ī

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Noun, 2nd. nt. gold
pater, patris

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Noun, 3rd. m. father In current use: pater noster (church);
pater patriae
māter, mātris

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Noun, 3rd. f. mother repetitiō est māter studiōrum. (Anon.) In current use: alma mater;
dura mater;
mater Deī
sōl, sōlis

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Noun, 3rd. m. sun (image)
amō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus

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Verb, 1st. love
dō, dare, dedī, datus

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Verb, 1st. give [Dido] iūra dabat legēsque virīs (Verg. Aen. 1. 507)
vocō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus

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Verb, 1st. call; summon; invite Dumnorigem [a Gallic leader] ad se vocat. (Caes. BG. 1.20)
“quem . . . vocabo ad cenam . . .?” (Ter. And. 1.453)
Carthaginienses fessos nox imberque ad necessariam quietem vocabat. (Liv. 28.15.12)
quae causae sunt eius modi ut . . . in iudicium vocari non solent. (Cic. de Orat. 1.57.241)
“ego vocor Lyconides.” (Plaut. Aul. 4.10.49)
Synonyms
respondeō, -ēre, respondī, responsus

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Verb, 2nd. answer, reply
videō, -ēre, vīdī, vīsus

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Verb, 2nd. see videor Group 10
Synonyms
habeō, -ēre, -uī, -itus

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Verb, 2nd. have; regnum . . . quod pater ante habuerit (Caes. BG. I.3)
ipsum ex Helvetiis uxorem habere (Caes. BG. I.18)
In current use: habeas corpus (law)
consider, regard (someone/something to be something) [have an opinion about] [eos] reductos in hostium numero habuit (Case. BG. I.28)
divus habebitur Augustus (Hor. C. 3.5.2)
sese illum non pro amico sed pro hoste habiturum[esse] (Caes. BG. I.44)

deliver (a speech)  Hac oratione habita (Caes. BG. I.33 et al.)
sum, esse, fuī, futūrus

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Verb, irregular. be Conjugation
possum, posse, potuī

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Verb, irregular be able
mittō, -ere, mīsī, missus

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Verb, 3rd. send
vīvō, -ere, vīxī, vīctūrus

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Verb, 3rd live; be alive Synonyms;
In current use: modus vīvendī
capiō, -ere, cēpī, captus

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Verb, 3rd -io take, seize, capture
multus, -a, -um 1st/2nd Adj. sing: much ____;
pl. many
multī [hominēs]: many people
multa: many things
bonus, -a, -um

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1st/2nd Adj. good In current use: prō bonō [publicō]
dīvus, -a, -um

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1st/2nd Adj. god-like, of a deity, divine; deified tuque, o, . . . diva parens (Verg. Aen. 6.197
divum pater atque hominum rex (Verg. Aen.10.743 et al.)
divus habebitur Augustus (Hor. C. 3.5.2)
Declension: gen. pl. often divum
Common in Vergil (and poetry); also of deified emperors
altus, -a, -um

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1st/2nd Adj. high, tall; deep; lofty sub moenibus altis (Verg. Aen. 1.95)
ignipotens caelo descendit ab alto. (Verg. Aen. 8.423)

sub ramis arboris altae(Lucr. 2.30)

monte sub alto (Verg. Aen. 11.849)

[in] terris iactatus et alto[mari] (Verg. Aen. 1.3)
altissima flumina (Caes.BC 3.77)
quamquam vis alto vulnere tardat. (Verg. Aen. 10.857)
sub alto pectore (Verg. Aen. 6.599-600)
somno quibus est opus alto. (Hor. Serm. 2.1.8)
Roma (Ovid)**
novus, -a, -um

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1st/2nd Adj. new; recent In current use: dē novō;
novus ordo s[a]eclōrum
certus, -a, -um

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1st/2nd Adj. certain
sacer, sacra, sacrum

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1st/2nd Adj. set apart as consecrated to a deity; sacred, holy; (Diana to pregnant Callisto) “. . . nec sacros pollue fontīs” (Ov. Met. 2.464)
(of Marcellus, the victorious general) aedificiis omnibus, publicis, privatis, sacris, profanis sic pepercit (Cic. Verr. 2.4.54.129)
(of a sacrificial victim) cum sanguine sacro (Cat. 68.75)
(penalty for anyone who harmed a plebeian tribune) ut eius caput Iovi sacrum esset (Liv. 3.55.7)
Synonyms (sanctus)
set apart to a deity as accursed
ūnus, -a, -um

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Pronoun Declension one flōs ūnus nōn facit hortum. (anon.) Declension:
duo, duae, duo

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Dual Declension two Erant omnino itinera duo(Caes. BG I.6)
Duōs quī sequitur leporēs neutrum capit. (Medieval) (lepus, leporis hare, rabbit)
Declension:
trēs, tria

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3rd (-i stem) Adj. three
ego, mihi, mē; nōs, nōbīs, nōs

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Pronoun ego: I
mihi: (dative to/for) me,
mē (acc./abl.): me (object)
nōs (nom.): We
nōbīs (dative/ablative): us
nōs (acc.): us
Genitive (meī):Group 2
is

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(Demonstrative) Pronoun this one; he;
(masc.thing =) it
Marcellus qui . . . is (Cic. Verr.)
is enim se primus agebat (Verg. Aen 9.696).
. . . confirmant. Ad eas res conficiendas Orgetorix deligitur. Is . . . (Caes. BG I.3)
Demonstrative adj. this ___  is [locus] urbis erit (Verg. Aen. 3.393)
scilicet is [labor] superis labor est, (Verg. Aen. 4.379)
Quare ne committeret ut is locus ubi . . . (Caesar BG I.13)
. . . diem dicunt, . . . Is dies erat a.d.V Kal. Apr. (Caes. BG I.6)
Quis

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Pronoun (Interrogative) Who? image
hic Demonstrative adj. this ___ (nom. s. masc.)
Pronoun  this one; he;
the latter
nōn

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Adverb not Word order
nunc

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Adv. now Law: nunc pro tunc
semper

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Adv. always Phrases: semper fidelis
tam

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Adv. so ___ tam facilem (Hor. Serm. I.1.22)
tam diu (Caes. BG I.12)
tam fortis (Caes. BG. VI.39)
tam barbara (Verg. Aen. I.539)
tam dira (Verg. Aen. VI.373 et al.)
Correlative
hīc

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Adv. here; (in this place) (Epitaph) Hīc situs est Phaethon (Ov. Met. II.327)
Neo hīc fuit. (graffiti from Pompeii)
cum

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preposition + abl. with;
mēcum (with me),
nōbīscum (with us)
For Prefix (link)
Subordinating conjunction: Group 4;
In current use: cum grano salis;
vade mecum
For prefix (link); For Prefix (link)
  ad

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 preposition + acc.   to (motion to a place)  For prefix (link);
In current use: ad hoc;
ad nauseam
  at, near (+ verb of rest)  sedēre ad latus eius (Cic.)
per

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preposition + acc. through In current use: ad astra per aspera (Kansas state motto)
  et

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 coordinating conjunction  and  Adverb: Group 4;
Synonyms;
In current use: Panem et circenses. (Juvenal);
“&” comes from the Medieval manuscript writing of Latin “et”;
the name “ampersand” comes from “and per se “and”” (of its place at the end of the alphabet)
sed

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coordinating conjunction but

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subordinating conjunction if Si valēs, bene est. Ego valeo. (abbreviated: S.V.B.E.E.V. Used in letters) Translation of Conditions
  salvē, salvēte

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 verb (singular, plural) (imperative)  Hello, Greetings.  In current use: salve, regina

On to Group 2!