Vocabulary for Group 4 Exercises

Word Part of Speech Translation/Definition Examples Other
amor, amōris

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Noun 3rd m. love
labor, -ōris

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Noun 3rd m. work, toil, labor
mōs, mōris

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Noun 3rd m. custom, way, manner; pl. character mōre Gallico (Caes. BG V.43.1)
pēs, pēdis

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Noun 3rd m. foot
honor, -ōris

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Noun 3rd m. (public) office; honor
ordō, ordinis

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Noun 3rd m. order, rank [Daedalus, making the wings] pōnit in ordine pennās [feathers] (Ov. Met. 8.189) In current use: novus ordo s[a]eclōrum
equus, -ī

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Noun 2nd m. horse image
oculus, -ī

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Noun 2nd m. eye
animus, -ī

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Noun 2nd m. spirit
dominus, -ī

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Noun 2nd m. master In current use: A.D. (Annō Dominī); Dominus illuminatio mea (church); Dominus tecum
vir, virī

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Noun 2nd m. man; (husband)
puer, puerī

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Noun 2nd m. boy
populus, -ī

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Noun 2nd m. population, the people, the populace In current use: SPQR (senātus populusque Rōmānus); vōx populī vōx deī
modus, -ī

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Noun 2nd m. way, manner, method; measure Other uses; In current use: modus operandi; modus vīvendī
dux, ducis

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Noun 3rd c. (m./f.) leader
rēx, rēgis

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Noun 3rd m. king
senex, senis

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Noun 3rd m. old man
dūcō, -ere, dūxī, dūctus

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Verb 3rd lead
eō, īre, i(v)ī, itūrus

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Verb 4th irregular go
redeō, -īre, -iī, -itūrus

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Verb 4th irregular go back Compound
recipiō, -ere, -cēpī, -ceptus

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Verb 3rd -io accept Compound
agō, -ere, ēgī, āctus

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Verb 3rd do, act; drive In current use: agenda (“things to be done”)
quaerō, -ere, quaesīvī, quaesītus

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Verb 3rd seek, ask
pōnō, -ere, posuī, positus

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Verb 3rd put, place . . . omnem spem hostēs [=subject] in celeritāte pōnēbant . . .(Caes. BG V.39.4)
crēdō, -ere, crēdidī, crēditus

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Verb 3rd believe; trust (+ dative) quod nimis miserī volunt, hoc facile crēdunt. (Seneca)
legō, -ere, lēgī, lēctus

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Verb 3rd read;
pick, choose
vincō, -ere, vīcī, victus

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Verb 3rd conquer, defeat, win
vester, vestra, vestrum

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Adjective your (plural)
tuus, tua, tuum

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Adjective your (singular)
malus, -a, -um

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Adjective 1st/2nd bad
peior, peius

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Adjective 3rd (Comparative) worse
cēterī, -ae, -a

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Adjective 1st/2nd the rest, the others In current use: cēterīs pāribus; etc. (et cētera)
rēctus, -a, -um

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Adjective 1st/2nd right, correct
sanctus, -a, -um

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Adjective 1st/2nd inviolable; rendered sacred;
(hence because of the worth of such things) venerable, pure, good
[Germani] hospitem violare fas non putant; qui . . . ad eos venerunt ab iniuria prohibent, sanctos habent (Caes. BG VI.23.9)
amicitiae sanctum et venerabile nomen (Ov. Tr. 1.8.15)
est et sancta et gravis oratio (Quint. 10.1.115)
Synonyms (sacer)
tālis, -e

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Adjective 3rd such (a sort) (of) _____;
(predicate) of such a sort
“. . .” talia dicentem (Ov. Met. 10.40) Correlative with qualis
quālis, -e

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Adjective 3rd what sort (of) (Caesar sent scouts to find out) qualis esset natura montis et qualis in circuitu ascensus (where the enemy was encamped) (BG I.21)
senex, (senis)

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Adjective 3rd old
sē, sibi

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Reflexive Pronoun subject-self/-selves (object)
sēcum – with (him/her/them = subject)
damnat iudex, innocentem quī opprimit. (Publilius Syrus)
ūna [uxor Ariovistī] quam domō sēcum ēduxerat, (Caes BG 1.52)
In current use: per se
eum, eam

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Pronoun him/her/ (m./f. thing = ) it
Demonstrative adj.
him/her/ (m./f. thing = ) it
quem, quam

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Relative Pronoun (person) whom,
(m./f. thing) which
In current use: terminus ante quem; terminus post quem
Pronoun, interrogative Whom (does subject do something to)
eōs, eās

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Pronoun them (m./f.)
Demonstrative Adjective these (m/f) _____s
quōs, quās

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Relative Pronoun (persons) whom,
(m./f. things) which
Interrogative pronoun Whom (m/f pl) (does subject do something to)
hunc, hanc

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Demonstrative Pronoun pronoun: him; her, (m.; f thing =). it
Demonstrative adj. adjective: this ___.
hōs, hās

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Demonstrative Pronoun pronoun: them; these people/ (m/f) things
Demonstrative adj. adjective: these ____.
eō, eā

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Pronoun (ablative)(preposition) him/her, (f.thing/nt. =) it
Demonstrative adj. (ablative) this (/that) _______ annō (Caes. BG V.24.1)
quō, quā

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Relative Pronoun (person) (preposition) whom;
(thing) (ablative) which
Interrogative pronoun (preposition) whom;
(ablative) what
hōc, hāc

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Demonstrative Pronoun pronoun: (preposition) him/her/ this person, (ablative) it/ this thing
demonstrative Adjective adjective: (ablative) this ___
etiam

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Adverb also, even etiam iī quī magnum in castrīs ūsum habēbant, militēs centurionēsque quī-que equitatuī praeerant, perturbābantur. (Caes. BG I.39)
etiam
capillus ūnus habet umbram suam. (Publilius Syrus) (capillus, -ī: hair)
et

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Adverb also, likewise, too an sit et hīc, dūbitō. Sed et hīc tamen auguror esse, . . .(Ov. Met. 10.27)
“Salvē et tu.” Plaut. Most. 3.1.42)
Conjunction: see Group 1
In current use: “Et tu, Brute.”
saepe

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Adverb often
ita

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Adverb thus, in such a way; indeed
itaque

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Adverb and so, thus
prō

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Preposition + abl. for;
in front of; in behalf of; in place of
Quid enim stultius quam incerta prō certis habere, falso prō veris? (Cic. de Sen. 19.68) As prefix
sub

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Preposition + abl. (or acc.) under In current use: sub rosa; subpoena (law); sub nōmine
inter

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Preposition + acc. between (2 things);
among (more than 2 things)
In current use: primus inter pares; inter alia
nec

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Coordinating
Conjunction
and . . . not;
(negative) . . . Nor
 nec Iovis ira nec ignis nec . . . ferrum nec . . .(Ov.Met. 15.871-872) Nec vs. neque: nec has more emphasis on the negative; see Alternate Forms
nec . . . nec: neither . . . nor
neque

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Coordinating
Conjunction
and . . . not;
(negative) . . . nor
 neque noctem neque diem (Caes. BG V.38) Neque vs. nec: neque has more emphasis on the connective; see Alternate Forms
neque . . . neque: neither . . . nor
cum

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Subordinating Conjunction when:
since;
although
Preposition: Group 1
Translating cum clauses